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定语从句2_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区

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定语从句2_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。定语从句的综合运用


The Attributive Clause(2) 有关系代词或关系副词引导用来修 饰主句中的某一个名词或代词并起定语 作用的从句, 叫定语从句。 作用的从句 叫定语从句。定语从句所 修饰的词叫先行词, 修饰的词叫先行词 从句跟在先行词后 面。 定语从句的构成方法是: 定语从句的构成方法是:关系代词 或副词+陈述句语序 关系代词有: 陈述句语序, 或副词 陈述句语序 关系代词有 who, whom, whose, which, that, as等; 关系副 等 词有when, where, why等。 词有 等 关系代词有双重功能 一方面代表前 关系代词有双重功能, 一方面代表前 双重功能 代表 面所修饰的先行词 面所修饰的先行词, 把从句与先行词 先行词 连接起来; 另一方面引导出从句并在 连接起来 另一方面引导出从句并在 从句中充当某种句子成分。 从句中充当某种句子成分。 1.The number of people who/that lost homes reached as many as 250,000. 2.It sounded like a train which/that was going under my house. 关系代词之物时只用which不用 关系代词之物时只用 不用that的情况 的情况 不用 (1) 关系代词在从句中作介词宾语并且介 关系代词在从句中作介词宾语并且介 词提前至关系代词前时只用 只用which, 词提前至关系代词前时只用 但当介词在从句句尾时, 两者皆可。 但当介词在从句句尾时 两者皆可。 This is the question about which we’ve had so much discussion. = This is the question which / that we’ve had so much discussion about. 当关系代词作look after, look for等不 当关系代词作 等不 能拆开使用的及物动词性短语的宾语 介词不可以提前。 时, 介词不可以提前。 (2) 在非限定性定语从句中指物必须用 which不能用 不能用that。 不能用 。 This is the book which/that I’m looking for. They have invited me to visit their country, which is very kind of them. ?关系副词 1. 关系副词 关系副词where之地点 在从句中 之地点, 之地点 作地点状语。 作地点状语。 This is the house where he lived. 2. 关系副词 关系副词when指时间 在从句中作 指时间, 指时间 时间状语。 时间状语。 I’ll never forget the days when we played together. 3. 关系副词 关系副词why指原因 在从句中作原因 指原因, 指原因 状语。 状语。 He explained the reason why he was late. 注意: 关系副词有时可用介词+which来 注意 关系副词有时可用介词 来 代替。如上句中 代替。如上句中where=in which; when=on which; why=for which Rewrite the sentence using the attributive clause: 1. I remember the day. “The Beatles” played their first hit on that day. I remember the day when “The Beatles” played their first hit. 2. The guitar was lost while he was touring. George gave many performances with it. The guitar with which George gave many performances was lost while he was touring. 3. The musicians were very popular. They worked with the musicians. The musicians with whom they worked were very popular. 1.that 与which 1.Nothing ______ can be done has been that done. 2.Do you have anything ______ you that don’t understand ? 先行词是everything, nothing, anything, 先行词是 something, much, little, none等不定代 等不定代 引导定语从句用that 词,引导定语从句用 1.This is the best TV _____ is made in that China. 2.The first museum _____ he visited in that China was the History Museum. 先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修 饰时,引导定语从句用that 。 饰时,引导定语从句用 I’ve read all the books _____ that you lent me. 先行词被any, 先行词被any, some, no, much, few, little, every, all, very, only, last 修饰时 修饰时, 引导定语从句用that 。 引导定语从句用 1.The famous writer and his works _____ the radio broadcast have that aroused great interest among the students. 2.A victim is a person, animal or thing that _____ suffers pain, death, harm, etc. 先行词中既有人又有事物时, 先行词中既有人又有事物时, 引导定语从句用that . 引导定语从句用 Who _____ you have ever seen can do that it better ? who做先行词时, 做先行词时, 做先行词时 引导定语从句用 that 1.Her bag, in ________ she put all her which money, has been stolen. 2.This is the ring on ________ she which spent 1000 dollars. whom 3.Xiao Wang ,with ________ I went to the concert, enjoyed it very much. 在介词后面, 在介词后面,指事 物用which,指人用 物用 , whom 2如何判断介词 1)看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 This is the book_____ which you asked. for 注意:动词短语不能拆开 注意:动词短语不能拆开 短语 即介词不能提前 The old man whom I am looking after is better . 2).看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 He referred me to some reference books _____ which I am not very with familiar. 3)根据先行词判断 所用的介词与先行词 根据先行词判断, 根据先行词判断 搭配 This is our classroom, _____________ in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk. 3 Whose 的使用 whose 引导的定语从句 表示所属关系 The river _______ banks are whose covered with trees flows to the sea. There are in this class 20 students, ______ are different. ? A. whose backgrounds ? B. the backgrounds of whom ? C. of whom the backgrounds ? D. the backgrounds of whose 4 as 的使用 The earth is round,___ we all know. as As is known to all, the earth is round. ___ It ___ is known to all that the earth is round. 定语从句在句首时只能用 as, as 具有正如之意,与之 具有正如之意, 搭配的动词一般是固定的 ? This is the same book as I lost. 这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。 这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。 ? This is the same book that I lost. 这本书就是我丢的那本。 这本书就是我丢的那本。 This is such an interesting book ____ we as all like. This is so interesting a book ___ we all as like. 定语从句 这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一本 书。 This is such an interesting book that ____we all like it. that This is so interesting a book ____we all like it. 结果状语从句 这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。 这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。 对比练习 1. It is very useful to master a foreign which language,_____ has been said before. 2 ___ everyone hoped, Mary has As won the first prize. as引导定语从句可放在句首,句中, 引导定语从句可放在句首, 引导定语从句可放在句首 句中, 句末, 句末,而which 引导定语从句不能放 在句首.as译为正如 好像, 译为正如, 在句首 译为正如,好像 which 则 没有此义。 没有此义。 when 1 I’ll never forget the day _________ we first met in the park. which\that 2 I’ll never forget the time __________ I spent with you. which\that 3 I’ll never forget the time __________ was spent with you. 4 This is the museum __________I visited which\that last year . 5 when, where, why 与that, which 的区分 why This is the reason ___________ ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. which/that The reason __________ she gave was not true. 指时间, 指时间,地点或原因的先行词在定语 从句中作主语或宾语, 从句中作主语或宾语,用which或that 或 引导定语从句。 引导定语从句。 6 定语从句中的动词的数 He is the only one in his class who ____ has (have) got the teacher’s praise. He is one of the students in his class who have _____ (have) got the teacher’s praise. 关系词在定语从句中做主语时, 关系词在定语从句中做主语时,谓语 动词的数取决于先行词 Correct the mistakes 1.Under the big tree are 34 students, many of ———come from class two. whom them 2. My mother has a good book, which ——— cover looks terrible. whose 3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before. 4. There is an old woman, that is holding —— a stick. who \ 5. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. to 6. The man whom I spoke is from ∧ Canada. 7. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never forget. that 8. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. which 9. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate. who 10. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school. gives 11. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China. as 12.The bike by which I travelled was on his. 13. This is the place where we visited many times during the past ten years. where → that / which或去掉 或去掉where 或去掉 14. They have decided to stay at home, that is, I think, a wise choice.that → which 15. The day will come which the people all over the world will enjoy true freedom. which → when 16. He is a man of great experience, from who we can learn much. who → whom 17. Antarctic, which we know very little, is covered with thick ice all the year round. which前或 前或little后加 后加about 前或 后加 18. It was a meeting which importance I didn’t realize at that time. which → whose 高考链接 1. George Orwell __ was Eric Arthur, D wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 解析: 答案D。 引导定语从句时, 解析 答案 。whose引导定语从句时 引导定语从句时 只能在从句中作定语, 只能在从句中作定语 其他各项均构 不成定语从句。 不成定语从句。 2. Anyway, that evening, ___ I’ll tell D you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. A. when B. where C. what D. which 解析: 答案D。 引导定语从句,在 解析 答案 。which引导定语从句 在 引导定语从句 从句I'll 从句 tell you more about later 中 about 的宾语 3. What surprised me was not what he said but _______ he said it. A A. the way C. in the way B. in the way that D. the way which 解析: 答案A。 解析 答案 。the way后的定语从句可 后的定语从句可 引导, 用in which或that引导 也可全省略。 或 引导 也可全省略。 4. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ___ we would have lost D our way. A. it B. that 导定语从句。 导定语从句。 C. this D. which 解析: 答案D。 解析 答案 。without + which引 引 5. (NMET2004) The English play ___ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. A. for which C. in which B. at which D. on which 解析: 答案C。 解析 答案 。act in the English play 6. (2000上海 Recently I bought an 上海) 上海 ancient Chinese vase, ___ was very reasonable. A. Which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose 7. (89上海 The two things ___ they felt 上海) 上海 very proud were Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair. A. about which C. in which B. of which D. for which 8. She is a teacher of much knowledge, __ much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom 9. I have bought two ball pens, ___ writes well. A. none of which B. neither of which C. none of them D. neither of them 注意: 介词 关系代词” 介词+关系代词 注意 “介词 关系代词”引导的定语从 关系代词只能用which和whom, 且不 句, 关系代词只能用 和 能省略。介词主要根据三个方面来选择 能省略。介词主要根据三个方面来选择: 一是先行词与介词的搭配; 一是先行词与介词的搭配 二是定语从句中谓语动词或形容词与介 词的搭配; 词的搭配 三是根据“介词 关系代词 关系代词” 三是根据“介词+关系代词”在从句中 的作用及意义。 的作用及意义。 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 on 1. I disagree with the facts ______ which your argument is based. 2. The song, ______ which he was in interested, will never be heard again. 3. This is the reason ______ which he often for comes to school late. 4. I will never forget the way ______ which in my teacher taught me. 5. This is the hero ______ whom we are of proud. 6. I want to find the very pen ______ which with I wrote that letter. 7. They are the students ______ whom our of teachers are thinking highly. 8. It is important to choose good friends ______ whom you can share your feelings with and thoughts. 9. It will not be necessary to name the person ______ whom the card belongs. to 10. I would always like to do business with on / upon those people ________ whom I can rely. 单选 1. Would you tell me the reason ___ so many boys and girls like Jay Chou so much? A. which B. for what C why D. that C. 2. Mr Smith is one of the foreign experts____ in China. A. who works B. who is working C C. that are working D. that has been working 3. They talked for about an hour of things and persons ___ they remembered in their childhood. B A. which B. that C. who D. whom 4.They asked him to tell them everything___ he saw at the front. A. what B. that C. which D. where B 5.He was born in the year____ the AntiJanpanese War broke out. A. which B. B when C. on which D.during that 6.Mr Crossett will never forget the days___ he spent with his friends in Paris. A. when B.which C. during which D. on which B 7.The sun gives off light and warmth,____ makes it possible for plants to grow. A. that B. as C.what D D.which 8. My glasses, ___ I was like a blind man,fell to the ground and broke. A. which B.with which C C. without which D. that 9. I,____ your good friend,will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C.that is D. that am B 10. At the top of the mountain there was a house,___ we could see a lot of strange pictures. A. which B. whose C.that D.where D 11. He is a man of great experience,__much can be learned. A. who B.from which D from whom C. which D. 12.Those___not only from books but also through practice will succeed. A. learn B. learned C.that learns D who learn D. 13.The professor___ daughter teaches you English is Dr. White. A. who B. that C.whom D D.whose 14. This is not the reason___he gave for his leaving without telling anyone. A. B.why A that C. for which D. for what 15.He studies more than ten subjects in school,___he likes English best. A. in which B. at which C which C.of D. with which 16.This kind of plant is easy to grow in places___ it is warm and rainy. A. where B.where there C.there D.which A 17. The woman,__ was broken in a match,used to be a famous player. A. leg B.her leg D C. leg of whose D. whose leg 18.The boy___ you talked at the meeting is a college student. A. who B with whom C.whom D. with him B. 19.The old tree in front of my house,___lots of old people play chess every day,is 500 years old. A. on which B. in which C.under which D.through which C 20. In the film The Princess Diaaries there were many moments___ the princess wanted to run away from her life. A. for which B.which C. when D.on which C 高考真题 1. Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to others,____, of course,made the others envy him. A.who B. that C.what D. which D 2.Anyway, that evening,___I'll tell you more about later,I ended up staying at Rachel's place. D A. when B.where C. what D. which 3.American women usually identify their best friend as someone___ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C.about which D with whom D. 4. The English play___ my students took part at the New Year's party was a great success. A.for which B. at which C.in D. on which C which 5. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months,___the sailing time was 226 days. A of which A. B.during which C. from which D. for which 6. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year,80%____are sold abroad. A A. of which B. which of C.of them D. of that 7. There are two buildings,___stands nearly a hundred feet high. A.the larger B. the larger of them C.the larger one that D. the larger of which D 8.There are altogether eleven books on the shelf,___ five are mine. A. on which B.in whicnh C. of which D. from which C 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 一.用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句 1. I disagree with the facts ______ which your argument is based. 2. The song, ______ which he was interested, will never be heard again. 3. This is the reason ______ which he often comes to school late. 4. I will never forget the way ______ which my teacher taught me. 5. This is the hero ______ whom we are proud. 6. I want to find the very pen ______ which I wrote that letter. 7. They are the students ______ whom our teachers are thinking highly. 8. It is important to choose good friends ______ whom you can share your feelings and thoughts. 9. It will not be necessary to name the person ______ whom the card belongs. 10. I would always like to do business with those people ________ whom I can rely. 2.单选 单选 1. Would you tell me the reason ___ so many boys and girls like Jay Chou so much? A. which B. for what C. why D. that 2. Mr Smith is one of the foreign experts____ in China. A. who works B. who is working C. that are working D. that has been working 3. They talked for about an hour of things and persons ___ they remembered in their childhood. A. which B. that C. who D. whom 4.They asked him to tell them everything___ he saw at the front. A. what B. that C. which D. where 5.He was born in the year____ the AntiJanpanese War broke out. A. which B. when C. on which D.during that 6.Mr Crossett will never forget the days___ he spent with his friends in Paris. A. when B.which C. during which D. on which 7.The sun gives off light and warmth,____ makes i possible for plants to grow. A. that B. as C.what D.which 8. My glasses, ___ I was like a blind man,fell to the ground and broke. A. which B.with which C. without which D. that 9. I,____ your good friend,will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C.that is D. that am 10. At the top of the mountain there was a house,___ we could see a lot of strange pictures. A. which B. whose C.that D.where 11. He is a man of great experience,__much can be learned. A. who B.from which C. which D. from whom 12.Those___not noly from books but also through practice will succeed. A. learn B. learned C.that learns D. who learn 13.The professor___ daughter teaches you English is Dr. White. A. who B. that C.whom D.whose 14. This is not the reason___he gave for his leaving without telling anyone. A. that B.why C. for which D. for what 15.He studies more than ten subjects in school,___he likes English best. A. in which B. at which C.of which D. with which 16.This kind of plant is easy to grow in places___ it is warm and rainy. A. where B.where there C.there D.which 17. The woman,__ was broken in a match,used to be a famous player. A. leg B.her leg C. leg of whose D. whose leg 18.The boy___ you talked at the meeting is a college student. A. who B. with whom C.whom D. with him 19.The old tree in front of my house,___lots of old people play chess every day,is 500 years old. A. on which B. in which C.under which D.through which 20. In the film The Princess Diaaries there were many moments___ the princess wanted to run away from her life. A. for which B.which C. when D.on which 3.高考真题 高考真题 1. Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to others,____, of course,made the others envy him. A.who B. that C.what D. which 2.Anyway, that evening,___I'll tell you more about later,I ended up staying at Rachel's place. A. when B.where C. what D. which 3.American women usually identify their best friend as someone___ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C.about which D. with whom 4. The English play___ my students took part at the New Year's party was a great success. A.for which B. at which C.in which D. on which 5. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months,___the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B.during which C. from which D. for which 6. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year,80%____are sold abroad. A. of which B. which of C.of them D. of that 7. There are two buildings,___stands nearly a hundred feet high. A.the larger B. the larger of them C.the larger one that D. the larger of which 8.There are altogether eleven books on the shelf,___ five are mine. A. on which B.in whicnh C. of which D. from which 4.改错 改错 1.Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from class two. 2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. 3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before. 4. There is an old woman, that is holding a stick. 5. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. 6. The man whom I spoke is from Canada. 7. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never forget. 8. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. 9. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate.
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