江苏省天一中学 2018-2019 学年高一英语下学期期末考试试题
第一部分：听力(共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节(共 5 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 5 分）
听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有-个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来冋答有关小题 和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What time were the speakers supposed to meet? A. At 11:00 B.At 11:30 C. At 12:00 2. What is the woman doing? A. Visiting her friend. B. Feeding her child C. Doing the washing. 3. Whom is the man talking to? A. A bookshop assistant. B. A writer. C. A teacher. 4. How does the woman feel about this store? A. It’s just so-so. B. It’s terrible. C. It’s wonderful. 5. What does the man mean? A. He won’t do the housework any more. B. He’s almost finished the housework. C. He got hurt when dusting. 第二节(共 15 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）
听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后面有儿个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读下一 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或阅读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 至第 7 题。 6. What will Tommy do first today? A. Do the housework. B. Fly a kite.C. Finish his homework. 7.Where will the speakers meet? A.In the park. B. At the school gate. C. At No.3 bus stop. 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 至第 9 题。
8. When is the cake needed? A. 0n Wednesday. B. On Thursday. C. On Friday. 9. How many people will attend the birthday party? A.5 B.6 C. 7. 听下面-段对话，回答第 10 至第 12 题。 10. What will the man do for the woman? A. Show her around. B. Help her improve English. C. Introduce the neighbor to her, 11.What does the man invite the woman to do? A.Have coffee. B. Make a cake. C. Buy some snacks. 12.When will the woman see her friend Luke? A. On Wednesday. B. On Thursday.C. On Friday. 听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至第 16 题。 13. What did the man do this morning? A. he went shopping. B. he went to his high sch6ol. C. He went out with Cindy Shepard. 14. What was Cindy Shepard like in high school? A. She often made fun of others. B. She was good at all subjects. C. She played musical instruments. 15. How did the woman find Cindy Shepard? A. She was humorous. B. She was helpful. C. She was annoying. 16. What will the woman do? A. Call Cindy Shepard. B. Cancel the plans with Mike. C. Make a chocolate cake. 听下面一段对话，回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. What did the speaker’s friend think of the book?
A. It was boring. B. It was expensive.C. It was attractive.
18.What attracts the speaker most about the book?
A. The history knowledge.B. The vivid description.
C. The leading character.
19. What subject does the speaker like best?
A. Literature. B. History. C. English.
20. Who wrote the book Wild Ways?
A. William Baker. B. Harry Kevin. C. Margaret Emerson.
第一节单项填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分)
21. Seeing me waiting outside, be
for me to enter.
A. appealed B. noted C. showed D. gestured
22. —Can you tell us your
for happiness and a long life?
—Living every day to the full, definitely.
A. recipe B. record C. range D. reflection
23. At the ancient Olympics, all men,
, had to compete wearing no clothes;while
single women took part in their own separate competition, a festival Hera^ the wife
A.in sight; in favor of
B.in nature; in celebration of
C.by tradition; in honour of D.in order; in memory of
24. —I can’t think why he _so angry. I mean no harm.
一 It's typical of him to be sensitive(敏感的).
A.should have been B.must have been
C.might have been
D.can have been
25. Many experts hold the view
the key to better education lies in.
A. that; which B. that; what C. that; where D. which; where
26. In one survey, 36 percent of students mentioned that they had lost sleep because
of onscreen activities, with another 39 percent
that their grades had suffered.
A. to say B. saying C. said D. to have said
27. 一 I'm afraid we need to hurry. Our teacher will come to meet us in a minute.
.He called and said he would be late.
A.There you go again
B.Don't risk your neck
C.Take your time
D.Save your breath
28. He is the only one of the students who __ elected.
A. are B. have C.Chas
the peace between the two countries will lead still remains to be seen.
A. When B. How C. Where D.What
30. When you are in a hurry, the best way to travel in Beijing is by subway. Taxis
in traffic jams easily.
A.set uP B. put up C. held up D. picked up
31. It might have
your notice but it was under your nose all the time.
A.quit1 B. ignored C. escaped D. refused
32. A video, in which Donald Trump's granddaughter ancient Chinese poetry,became
popular once again on China’s social media following Trump’s residential victory.
A. was reciting B. recited C. had recited D. has recited
33. Only with everyone doing his part be able to make our earth a cleaner
A. we can B. can we C. we will D. will we
34. He put the letter into an envelope, a stamp on the envelope and posted it.
A. stick B. stuck C. sticking D. to stick
35.I'll need to
to have any chance of finishing this paper before class tomorrow
A.burn the midnight oil
B. pour oil on the flame
C.have butterflies in the stomach D. do my homework
36. Usually, a forest fire and the damage
causes can be very severe, especially
when we consider the long time it takes to grow trees.
A.this B. what C. which D.it
37. You pay too much attention to your reading skill, as it is so important.
A.can’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn't
38. In 2014, such important reform policies related to the interests of the general public were introduced in China almost each person could benefit from in life. A.when B. that C. where D. as 39. The government has released the policy “One belt, One road',
for the ftirlher economic growth. A.intended B. intending C. to intend D. to be intended 40. During Voldemort’s(伏地魔的）time in power, people live in
fear that they will be killed，either for having impure blood or for having pity for those who do A.constant B. chief C. secure D. vast 第二节 完形填空（共 20 题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
认真阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，，然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D） 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Two years ago,I had nervous breakdown,That happened after had 41 to NeW York. Coming from a small town where everyone 42 everyone,I found myself in a completely different environment. I had to make huge _43_ to build new friendships and relationships. People here were living in a 44 , without time to make small talk with you. The people I met were not interested in _45 conversation, and I couldn’t even find people to call friends.
I'm not _46_ I knew this was how it was going to be. I had the job I wanted, the apartment I could 47_, and the life in New York City I was dreaming of, _48_ I wasn't happy. The job demanded huge responsibility. The office _49_was based on “How are you today?” and “Could you please do this for me?” There was no _50_, just tasks I needed to complete.
51 I was sitting alone, 1 was _52 of everything and I didn’t know how I would wake up the following day. After the nervous breakdown, I tried _53_ the only person I could call anytime: my best friend back home. He was too _54 at the moment so he said, “Just write me a(n) 55 .” I started writing. That was the most liberating (释放的）feeling I’ve ever experienced. When I read that email I wrote, I came to _56 the situation: I was 57
myself. It was about time I staried working on personal growth. I continued 58 and
applied for a job as a writing tutor. The job 59_ saved my life. It’s relaxed, and
I get to develop true connections with my workmates and the students I work with.
1 essentially became a _60 person.
41. A. moved
B. traveled C. marched D. escaped
42. A. welcomes
C. respects D. helps
43. A. contributions B.efforts
44. A. fight
45. A. normal
46. A. judging
B. suggesting C. comparing D. questioning
47. A. select
C. afford D. decorate
48. A. so
49. A. management B. customs
C.culture D. nature
50. A. business
C. choice D. contact
51. A. Though
52. A. ashamed
C. guilty D. tired
53. A. meeting
C. believing D. remembering
54. A. busy
B. impatient C. nervous D.shocked
55. A. letter
56. A. improve
B. describe C. face
57. A.looking down on B.getting ahead of
C.standing up for D.running away from
58. A. reading B.practicing C.writing D. exploring
59. A. really B.strangely C.nearly D. constantly
60. A. happier B.richer C.smarter D. braver
第三节阅读理解（满分 30 分)
Join this two-day tour of the amazing South Coast of Iceland to discover
glaciers(冰川)，lava fields, volcanoes, rivers and waterfalls, as well as the unique
and naturally formed Blue Ice Cave. This tour is for anyone looking to experience
the vast wonders of Iceland in only two days. Your adventure begins with a pickup from Reykjavik City on the morning of your
first day，after which you will pay a visit to two of the country’s most famous and remarkable waterfalls, Seljalandsfoss and Sk6gafoss. Then, you will be treated to nearby waterfalls of equal beauty: Gljufrabui, Kvemufoss and Irafoss，which are hidden treasures of the area that many people miss out on experiencing. The black pebble(卵 石)beach Reynisljara and its sea (海蚀柱）Reynisdrangar will . complete this exciting first day of the tour.
After a good night's rest, your adventure continues, as you visit the otherworldly nature reserve Skaftafell and take a walk along the Diamond Beach. Then it’s time for the highlight of the tour to visit a natural ice cave within Vatnajokull glacier, Iceland’s largest ice cap. To visit one of these caves is a rarity and a privilege(特权)， as they are hunted down by experts each fall and filled with meltwater each spring. Since this is the winter season, there is a good chance the Northern Lights might grace you with their presence each night of your adventure.
This tour is in high demand and of limited availability. Book now if you want to experience the nature of Iceland! IMPORTANT: The ice cave tour could be cancelled because of weather and/or safety reasons. If that happens, we will find other activities when possible and refund the price difference. 61.The most important part of the tour is to visit . A. Seljalandsfoss and Sk6kgafoss B. ReynisQara and Reynisdrangar C. Skaftafell and the Diamond Beach D. an ice cave within Vatnajokull glacier 62.What is the purpose of the text? A. To advertise a two-day tour of Iceland, B. To show the pleasure of exploring Iceland. C. To introduce some beautiful views of Iceland. D. To increase tourism in Iceland.
B Easter(复活节）is still a great day for worship, candy in baskets and running around the yard finding eggs, but every year it gets quite a bit worse for bunnies. And no, not because the kids like to pull their ears. The culprit is climate change,and some researchers found that rising temperatures are having harmful effects on at least five species of rabbit in the US. Take the Lower Keys March rabbit, for instance. An endangered spec.es that lives in the Lower Florida Keys, this species of cottontail is a great swimmer - it lives on the islands' - but it is already severely affected by development and now by rising sea levels According to the Center for Biological Diversity, an ocean level rise of only 0.6 meters will send these guys jumping to higher ground and a 0.9-meter rise would wipe out theirhabitat(栖息地)completely. The snowshoe hare, on the other hand, has a color issue. Most of these rabbits change their for color from white in the wintertime to brown in the summer, each designed to give them better cover from (捕食者).As the number of days with snow decreases all across the country, however, more and more bunnies are being left in white fur during brown dirt days of both fall and spring, making them an easier mark for predators. Researchers know that the color change is controlled by the number of hours of sunlight, but whether the rabbit will be able to adapt quick enough to survive is a big question, The National Wildlife Federation has reported that hunters have noticed their numbers are already markedly down. American pikas or rock rabbits, a relative of rabbits and hares, might be the first of these species to go extinct due to climate change. About 7-8 inches long, pikas live high in the cool, damp mountains west of the Rocky Mountains. As global temperatures rise, they would naturally(迁徙）to higher ground 一 but they already occupy the mountaintops. They can’t go any higher. The National Wildlife Federation reports that they might not be able to stand the new temperatures as their habitat heats up. The volcano rabbit has the same problem. These rabbits live on the slopes of volcanoes in Mexico, and recent studies have shown that the lower range of their
habitat has already shifted upward about 700 meters, but there are not suitable plants for them to move higher, so they are stuck in the middle. Scientists are concerned about their populations.
All of this gives new meaning to dressing up in a giant bunny costume this Easter. 63.The writer mentions Easter at the beginning of the passage in order to . A. show the importance of Easter Day B. introduce the issue about bunnies C. remind people of Easter traditions D. discuss the relationship between Easter and bunnies. 64. The word “culprit” (Paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to . A.criminal B. judge C. victim . D. producer 65. According to the passage, some rabbits can now be easily discovered by predators because they . A. are exposed to more skillful hunters B. have moved to habitats with fewer plants C. haven’t adapted themselves to climate change D. can’t change their fur color into white in the fall and the spring. 66.Which best describes the writer\s tone in the passage? A. Approving. B.Concerned. C. Enthusiastic. D. Doubtful.
C Recent research shows the importance of friendship, and its influence on mental and physical health. Preschool friendships are helpful in developing social and emotional skills, increasing a sense of belonging and reducing stress. People who feel lonely tend to be more depressed, have more health problems and may have a shorter lifespan. Paul Schwartz, a professor of psychology and child behavior expert, has noted the many benefits of childhood friendship. “Friendships significantly help the development of social skills, such as being sensitive to another’s viewpoints, and learning the rules of conversation and age-appropriate behaviors,” Schwartz said. More than half of the children with emotional behavioral problems have no friends
or find difficulty interacting with peers.(同龄人).” “Friends also have a powerful influence on a child’s good or poor school
performance, and may also help encourage or discourager deviant(反常的）behaviors,” he continued. “Compared to children who lack friends, children with good friends have higher self-worth, act more socially, and can deal with life stresses and transsitions(过渡期).
Both boys and girls form strong attachments to others and both need social and emotional support. Unfortunately, stereotypes(固有形象）of boys often send the message that boys don’t feel as strongly or form the same type of attachments in their friendships, but this is wrong. It’s human nature to attach to certain people and want closeness and support from others, regardless of gender.
At Powell Elementary School in Washington, all the teachers make an effort to place children in classes with others with whom they have developed friendships. This is designed to help children maintain(维系）special relationships.
Jason Harris, a prekindergarten teacher at Powell, said efforts to place children in classes with their Mends have proven to be beneficial. “This year I am sending half of my class to kindergarten," Harris said. “They will probably be nervous in the fall but less so because they will have a few warm faces who are happy to see them when they step in that classroom for the first time.”
“I do not believe that children can learn if they do not feel comfortable and valued the classroom, said Amy Symonds, another prekindergarten teacher at the school.
There’s no one-size-fits-all formula for friendship； people develop socially in different ways.There's ,however，Ways to help children develop relationship skills that will build deep, meaningful connections with others And it's important to note that the benefits of friendship are based on quality, not quantity. 67. What can we learn from Paul Schwartz's words? A. Kids should stay away from friends who axe bad influences B. Children who lack friends are less likely to be respected by peers C. The development of adults' social skills depends on preschool friendships. D. Over half of children's behavioral problems are caused by their interaction with
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68.What is the fixed idea that people have according to the text?
A.Girls don't need to form strong attachments to boys.
B.Lonelines contributes a lot to a person's shorter lifespan.
C.Boys need less closeness and support from other than girls.
D.It's hard for boys and girls to form the same type of friendship.
69.The strateeegy used at Powell Elementary School is to help children .
A.develop special relationships with their teachers
B. lessen their fears about the transition to a higher grade
C.learn as much social and cultural knowledge as possible
D.follow class rules and change age-inapproopriate behaviors
70.Following the last paragraph, the author would most probably further talk
A. when and where to develop friendships
B. what developing childhood friendships is for
C.how to help develop warm childhood friendships
D.whether to develop more childhood friendships or not
In the digital age, copying someone else’s words is easy, but getting caught
copying is even easier. When Melania Trump recently spoke at the Republican convention,
she used some of the same words that Michelle Obama had used at the Democratic
convention in 2008. Within hours, news spread around the world with the claim that
Melania Trump had plagiarized Michelle Obama's speech.
Students and teachers at universities in the U.S. and elsewhere were shocked.71
What is plagiarism?
_72_ That person could also be called a “literary thief’ or a “plagiarist.”
Why is plagiarism a serious problem?
It is our own worst fear, to have the thing that we created stolen from us, and
it’s the same as our words. The thing that we created is essential to who we are.
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73 Academics are especially aware of the nature of plagiarism because their work is essentially the creation of ideas and putting them into words.
74 One of the possible punishments for plagiarism at the U.S. universities is dismissal from the school. Students may fail a course or be given a letter of censure （谴责）that stays on their school record. Professors or researchers who plagiarize may damage or end their careers. Plagiarism in easy to find Before the digital age we live in. plagiarizing was harder You had to write out the words you copied, But now anything can be copied and pasted. In the past, teachers would have to work hard to prove that work was copied. 75 The plagiarism checking software programs used by many students and universities include Turnitin， Grammarly and iThenticate. Nobody is going to get away with it. A. How to avoid plagiarism. B. Consequences of plagiarism. C. Stealing our words is as serious as stealing our child. D. Nowadays, some software programs will help you avoid plagiarism. E. Plagiarism is to copy someone else，s written work without giving them credit F. But nowadays, all you have to do is run a paper through a plagiarism detection software. G. They learn from their early years in school that copying another writers words is wrong. 第五节 短文改错（满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用号线（\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下面画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
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My hobby is collecting stamps. I had stamps from many countries, like England, Canada，China and other countries. Yesterday, one of my favorite stamp was lost, this made me really upset. I looked for it anywhere and asked everybody in the room, but I still couldn't find them. “Where could it have gone?” I thought to myself, “Maybe I should tell my teacher.” With my eyes filling with tears, 1 came in Mr. Li’s office. “Don’t be so worrying!” Mr. Li told me with a smile, “You must put it somewhere else. I am sure it will turn up soon.” At the last, I found it in my English book. 第六节 语法填空（满分 10 分）
阅读下面的材料，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号里内单词的正确的形式。 You know where your looks come from-for example, you may have yow mother’s nose or your father's eyes. But what about things that we can’t see, like your Went. 1 music? Is this something that you learned, or are your abilities and personality traits _2 (determine) by your genes(基因)？ What makes __3_ individual behave in a certain 4 and display certain talents? Scientists are not clear 5 the answer to this question is. Those _6_ support the nature theory believe that humans 7 (program) genetically to behave in certain ways, regardless of culture and upbringing. One the other hand, we have the nurture theory, winch 8 (argue) that a person's behavior and personality are developed by teaching and experience. There is evidence 9 (support) both of these theories and the debate is still to be resolved. It seems most probable that both theories have their validity(正确性）and that nature and nurture each play a _10 in making us who we are. 第七节 单词拼写（满分 5 分） 1. Bruce is (指责)his father of having broken his word. 2.I have absolutely no s for students who get caught cheating in the exams. 3. He spent a year in the jungle, o how deforestation (森林荒漠化）is affecting the area. 4. (分析）of the wine showed that it contained no dangerous composition. 5. An online store can offer a much larger selection because it can t a much bigger
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6. According to the report, public r
to the new law so far have been mixed.
7. Although it was written hundreds of years ago, the novel still has a
代的)feel to it.
8. The stone steps were (磨损的）and broken.
9. The p
of prizes began after the speeches.
10. Sometimes my grandmother likes to look up into the sky, watching the beautiful
第八节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假如你是李华，为迎接即将到来的世界读书日(the World Book Day)，你邀请你的朋友
注意：1.词数 100 左右
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