。 。 。 。 内部文件，版权追溯
Unit 1 Shcool life
9、_________adj.额外的，外加的 10、_________vt.＆vi.准备 11、_________vt.放弃
12、_________vt.思念，想念 13、_________vt.经历，体验 14、_________vt.介绍
1. Going to a British high school for one year was a very enjoyable and exciting experience
? 本句是主谓表结构（SVC），句中 going to a British high school for one year 是动名词短
Reading French is easier than speaking it．
? 句中 exciting 是现在分词，相当于形容词，作定语，修饰 experience.
注意：英语中有一类及物动词，在词尾加-ing 或-ed 后，相当一个形容词，但意义不同。-ing 表示
类动词常见的有：interest; surprise; encourage; inspire; frighten; excite; tire; bore; move;
please; satisfy 等。
experience: [C] 经历，阅历 [U] 经验 富的
v. .经验，体验，经历，阅历 experienced 经验丰
1）He hasn’t got ______________________for the job. 他没有足够的经验做这项工作。
2）Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his _________ as a young man.
2. attend vt. 出席，参加，上（学），到场
attend school/class/ church 上学/课/去教堂 attend a meeting / lecture / wedding / party
同义词辨析：attend 侧重参加或出席会议或学术活动等。join 普通用词，指加入党派、团体或
游戏活动等。participate 正式用词，特指参加团体活动，暗示以一个积极的角色参加。take part
attend to 注意倾听, 专心干，照料，处理 attend (on/upon) sb. 伺候/照顾某人
3. The way to do sth. = the way of doing sth.
4. 区别：earn , gain , win
earn 指为钱（或任何其他报酬）而工作，含有报酬是应得的含义。win 指在竞争、战争、比赛
1) He has________ a lot of money by working part-time job.他通过做兼职，已经挣了好多钱。
2) She ______ enough experience while working for the newspaper.她在为那家报社工作期间取得
5. respect 1）u. 尊敬，尊重，敬意
have respect for
show respect for/ to 尊敬/敬重
respect sb for sth 因……而尊敬某人 respect oneself 自重 in some/all/few/respects 在一
6. achieve v. 完成, 达到
achievement: [U] 完成，达到； [C]成就, 功绩
make achievements 获得成绩，取得成就
challenge n.＆v. 挑战
challenging adj. 具有挑战性的
1） He challenged me to play another tennis game. 他向我挑战要我跟他再打一场网球。 2） The present world is full of challenges as well as opportunities. 当今社会充满了机
I usually went to the Computer Club at lunchtime, so I could e-mail my family and friends
back home for free.
prepare: v 准备, 预备 prepare for…为……做准备 prepare sb. for… 使某人为……做
be prepared for 对……做好准备 be prepared to do sth. 有能力且愿意做某事，
乐意做某事 preparation: n. 准备, 预备
make preparations for 为……做准备
9. drop drop in / by 顺便拜访 drop in on sb. 造访某人 drop in at a place 造访某地 drop sb. a line
Culture shock isn’t a medical condition. It’s only a common way to describe the confusing
and nervous feelings a person may have after leaving a familiar culture to live in a new
and different one. When you move to a new place, you have to face a lot of changes. That
can be exciting, but it can also be overwhelming. You may feel sad and want to go home.
It’s natural to have difficulty adjusting to a new culture. People from other cultures
may have grown up with values and beliefs that differ from yours. Because of these
differences,the things they talk about, the ways they express themselves, and the importance
of various ideas may be very different from what you are used to. But the good news is that
culture shock is temporary.
What causes culture shock?
To understand culture shock helps to understand what culture is. You may know that genes
determine a big part of how you look and act. What you might not know is that your environment
has a big effect on your appearance and behavior as well.
Your environment is’t just the air you breathe and the food you eat, though; a big part
of your environment is culture.Culture is made up of the common things that members of a
community learn from family, friends, media, literature, and even strangers. These are the
things that influence how they look, act, and communicate. Often, you don’t even know
you’re learning these things because they become second nature to you, for instance, the
way you shake hands with someone when meeting them.
When you go to a new place, such as a new country or even a new city, you often enter
a new culture that is different from the one you left. Sometimes your culture and the new
culture are similar. Sometimes, they can be very different, and even contradictory. What
might be perfectly normal in one culture, for instance,spending hours eating a meal with
your family, might be unusal in a culture that values a mor e fast-paced lifestyle.
The differences between c ultures can make it very difficult to adjust to the new
surroundings that are very easy at home. Dealing with the differences can be very unsettling;
those feelings are part of adjusting to a new culture.
1. What does the underline d word“overwhelming”in the first paragraph mean?
B. powerful. C. destroying. D.joyful.
2. According to the passage, the culture is ________.
A. the ideals, beliefs and customs shared and accepted by people in a society
B. the feeling of anxiety people have when they visit a new place
C. a big part of the environment where people can breathe the air and eat the food
D. the difference from one perfectly normal country to another fast-paced one
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. To live in a new culture is not so easy as staying at home.
B. Culture like genes determines a big part of how the society looks and acts.
C. Second nature can often make people ignore the things they are learning.
D. What might be perfectly normal in one culture is the same in another culture.
高三英语导学案 M1 U1 grammar
that 和 which 的区别：
（一） which 可引导非限制性定语从句，that 则不能
（二） which 之前可以有介词，that 之前则不能有介词
（三） that 和 which 都指物时，在 4 中情况下，只能用 that 而不能用 which
? 当先行词是 all,everything,nothing,something,anything,much,little,few 等不定代词时。
? 当先行词被序数词修饰时 (3)当先行词被最高级修饰时 (4)当先行词被 the very, the only,
the just 等修饰时。(5)当先行词既指人又指物时
在定语从句中担当表语时, 只能用 that.
2 Language points:
introduce sb./oneself to sb.The chairman introduced the lecturer to the audience.
introduce (sth. ) into/ to: 采用；引进；提倡 Tobacco was introduced into Europe from America.
appointment 词根：appoint ①定；指定 appoint a time for the next meeting 定出下次的会
期 appoint a time to do sth. ②指派；任命 appoint sb. to the manager 任命某人做经理
appointment ①委派 ②约会 make/ fix an appointment with sb.与……约会 keep /break an
appointment 践约（失约） ③职位；职务 get a good appointment in a business firm 在商
行获得一好职位。an appointment as manager 担任经理的职位
Upon finishing his studies, he started traveling in China.一完成学业，他就开始在中国旅
on / upon doing sth. = as soon as 引导的从句。作此意讲时 on / upon 后也可以接名词。如：
on one’s arrival… 一到达…… ___________________________, he burst into tears. 一听
He donated most of them to our school library.
donate …to… 把……捐赠给……
The businessman donated a lot of money to the hospital.这个商人捐给医院很多钱。
派生词：donation 捐赠品, 捐款, 贡献
Some of the books were gifts that he got from his Chinese friends and students.
gift:① 礼物 present ②天赋；天资 have a gift for…有……的天赋
a gifted pianist 天才钢琴家
3 Rewrite each pair of sentences, using the attributive clause.
1. The man is the headmaster. The man is standing in front of the school library.
2. Next to him stands a girl. The girl’s name is Tina.
3. Tina likes reading the novels. The novels are written by Charles Dickens.
4. The club meet in the school garden every Saturday afternoon. The members of the club
are music fans.
5. Jack Chan is successful now. Life had once been very hard for him.
4 Correct the mistakes if any.
1. The girl, her fastest 400 meters was 4 minutes 21.2 seconds, was an Olympic swimmer.
2. The audience gave warm welcome to those basketball stars whose they respected and loved.
3. Children can see much which is wrong in the lives of their parents, so parents have to
always behave themselves.
4. The president wants to say something to the public which has not been said before.
5. Playing computer games cost the boy plenty of time he should have spent the time doing
4 Multiple choice.
1. The most important thing _____ we should consider is the first idea ______ he has mentioned
in the speech.
A. which; that B. that; which C. which; which D. that; that
2. The exciting day all the American basketball fans looked forward to _______ at last.
D. be coming
3. Jane: Whom would you like to talk with at the end of the lecture?
Mary: The lady _________ Miss White.
A. called herself B. we call
C. being called herself D. is called
4. This is the very plan for the summer holiday _______ will be suggested by his cousin.
5. Do you still remember the name of the factory _______ we visited last month?
6. She is the only one among the women writers ________ comic books for children.
A. whom writes B. whom write C. who writes D. who write
7. The mobile phone ________ is made in Korea.
A. which I bought it last Saturday B. I bought it last Saturday
C. I bought last Saturd ay
D. what I bought last Saturday
8. I’ll never forget the days ________ I stayed in your beautiful country.
B. in which
D. FOR WHICH
9. September 18,1931 is the day ___ _____ we’ll never forget.
C. on which
D. on that
10. Is this the shop _______ sells children’s clothing?
C. in which
11. The continent _______ I visited last year was not the one ______ I once worked.
A. which; where B. which; which C. where; which D. where; where
12. The reason _______ I’m writing to you is to tell you about a party on Saturday.
13. That is the reason _______ he gave us for carrying out the plan.
14. She had two daughters, _______ became doctors.
A. all of them B. all of whom C. both of them D. both of whom
15. The two things _______ they felt very proud were Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair.
A. about which B. of which
C. in which
D. for which
16. The magazine _______ Betty paid one dollar was very good.
C. for which D. to which
17. The old man _______ yesterday is a scientist.
A. I spoke
B. I spoke to C. whom I spoke D. that I spoke to him
M1 U1 project
1、achieve vt. _____________ (n.)
6. preparation n. ___________ (v.)
2、German n. _____________ (pl.)
7. require vt. ______________ (n.)
3、immediately adv. __________ (adj.)
8. scary adj. _______________ (v.)
4、develop vt. _____________ (n.)
9. nature n. _______________ (adj.)
5、inform vt. ______________ (n.)
10. please v. _______________ (n.)
1. refer to 谈及；参考；咨询；指
When I said that some people are stupid, I wasn’t referring to you.
The speaker ________________ his notes while making the speech.
Don’t _____________________ whenever you meet with a new word.(查阅词典)
2. present ① vt. 赠；提出 n. 礼物 用法：present sth. to sb. /present sb. with sth.
② 出现；出席（接反身代词）He presented himself at his friend’s birthday party yesterday.
(= He was present at his friend’s birthday party yesterday.)
3. regret n.遗憾, 悔恨, 抱歉, 歉意 without regret. 毫无遗憾 vt. 为...感到遗憾, 后悔, 惋
惜, 哀悼, 懊悔 Much to my regret, I am not able to accept your invitation. 令我遗憾
Her regret was that she never had the chance of seeing him. 遗憾的事
注意：regret to do 很遗憾地要做……
regret doing: 为已经做的事后悔
1) I _________ (tell) you that you’re not fit for the job.
2) To this day I do not _____________ (make) the remark.
4. inform 告知；通知 派生词：information n.通知；信息 informer 通知者；通报者；告密
用法：inform sb. that…
inform sb. of sth.
keep sb. informed of sth.
5. require 派生词：requirement n. (可数) 必需（品）；必要条件
用法：①require sth.: need sth
②require doing 需要 被做（doing 含有被动的意思）
④require sb. to do sth.要求（命令）某人做某事
This plan requires careful consideration.
These flowers require watering.
All the members are required to attend the meeting.
6. be responsible for sth. / to sb. 如果主语是人，表示“应负责的，有责任的”，如果主语不
The pilot of the plane _____________________ the passengers.飞机驾驶员对旅客的安全负责。
This weather ______________________ the delay.由于天气关系才耽搁了。
Many countries follow special customs when a child’s baby teeth fall out.Many of these
customs tell stories about animals taking the teeth.
For example,Koreans have the custom of throwing the fallen tooth onto the roof of a house
so that a magpie can take the tooth away and bring a new tooth for the child.This custom
is also followed by some other Asian countries, such as Japan and Vietnam.
Other countries, though, have tooth customs about other animals. In Mexico and Spain,
for example, it is thought that a mouse takes a fallen tooth away and leaves some money.
But in Mongolia, it is dogs that take children’s teeth away. Dogs are highly respected
in Mongolian culture. It is believed that the new tooth will grow strong if the baby tooth
is fed to a dog, so parents in Mongolia will put their children’s fallen teeth in a piece
of meat and feed it to a dog.
In France and the USA, a child will put a fallen tooth under his or her pillow before
going to bed. It is thought that in the early morning,when the child is still sleeping,
the Tooth Fairy will take the tooth away and leave something else under the pillow.
What she will leave is hard to know. It is said that in France the Tooth Fairy may leave
some candies;however,in the United States, she may leave money.
1. Koreans throw a tooth onto the roof of a house in order to ______.
A.get money B. feed magpies
C. get candies D. get a new tooth
2. From the last paragraph, we can know that in France and the USA________.
A. a child will put his or her fallen tooth beside the pillow
B. the Tooth Fairy takes the fallen teeth away at midnight
C.the Tooth Fairy will leave some candies to the children after taking the fallen teeth
D. no one knows for sure what the Tooth Fairy will leave to the children after taking
the fa llen teeth away
3. The passage is mainly about___________
A. customs about fallen teeth in Western countries
B. customs about fallen teeth in different countries
C. stories about human teeth
D. stories about some animals
一、课文复述 Passage A（Reading）
高三英语导学案 M1 U1 综合
Going to a British high school for one year was a very e__1___ and exciting experience for me, on the first day, all students went to a__2____ assembly, the headmaster told us that the best way to earn r___3___ from the school was to work hard and a___4____ high grades. I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get in my old school. But it was a bit c __5___for me at first because all the homework was in English , I felt lucky as all my teachers were very helpful and I enjoyed all my subjects. My English i___6____ a lot as I used English everyday and spent an hour every day reading English books in the library. Students at that school have to study Maths, English, and science, but can d___7__ some subjects, I was very lucky to experience the different way of life and I really hope that someday I can go back and study in Manchester again. ? _________________2._________________ 3._________________ 4._________________ 5.__________________ 6.__________________ 7.__________________ 二、任务型阅读
请认真阅读下面短文，并根 据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的词。 注意：每空一词。 In a society such as the United states or Canada, which has many national, religious, and cultural differences, people highly value individualism—the differences among people. Teachers place a lot of importance on the qualities that make each student special. The educational systems in these countries show these values. Students do not memorize information. Instead, they work individually and find answers themselves. There is often discussion in the classroom. At an early age, students learn to form their own ideas and opinions. In most Asian societies, by contrast, the people have the same language, history, and culture. Perhaps for this reason, the educational system in much of the Orient reflects society’s belief in group goals and purposed rather than individualism. Children in China, Japan, and Korea often work together and help one another on assignments. In the classroom, the teaching methods are often very formal. The teacher lectures, and the students listen. There is not much discussion. Instead, the students recite rules or information that they have memorized. There are advantages and disadvantages to both of these systems of education. For
example, one advantage to the system in Japan is that students there learn much more math and science than American students learn by the end of high school. They also study more hours each day and more days each year than North Americans do. The system is difficult, but it prepares students for a society that values discipline and self-control. There is, however, a disadvantage. Memorization is an important learning method in Japanese schools, yet many students say that after an exam, they forget much of the information that they have memorized.
The advantage of the educational system in North American, on the other hand, is that students learn to think for themselves. The system prepares them for a society that values creative ideas. There is , however, a disadvantage. When students graduate from high school, they haven’t memorized as many basic rules and facts as students in other countries have..
Students in the US and Students in China, Japan and Korean
What do they value? (2)___________
(3)__________ goals and purposes
Ways of study (5)________ disadvantages
working individually listening to the teachers
forming their own ideas memorizing and (4)___________
a lot of discussion in not much discussion
learning much more math and (6)________ by the
Learning to think for end of (7)__________
studying more hours each day and mor e days each
good for a society that good for a society valuing (8)______ and
memorized many basic Information is forgotten easily
rules and facts when
1.____________2.___________3._____________ 4._____________5._____________ 6.____________7.___________8._____________ 9._____________10._____________